Solace

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Solace

The Light In All of Us

Mentorship & Guidance

Emilie Baltz

Roles

Direction, Photography, Production, Scripting, Technology & Video Editing

Directors of Photography

Joshua Corn & LFC Enterprises LLC

Special Thanks

Adam K. Fujita, Karen Vellensky & Julia Lindpainter

Solace is an interactive, audio visual experience designed by Oscar de la Hera that allowed individuals to practice contemplative meditation. For this experience, the individuals got changed into an outfit with the purpose of making individuals 'shift' both physically and mentally, allowing them to experience life in a different way. Additionally, Solace is outfit included a wearable which was connected to the lamp using an iPhone and made use of an algorithm, which converted their breathing into light, offering them a greater mind-body connection.
As part of the experience, Oscar interviewed the individuals with the purpose of learning about their experience and how it would effect them in the future. From the interviews, Oscar learned that the light was very impactful and helped them breath more and deeply, and through the light, could note visually notice the physical benefit that it brought to them. Additionally, the interviews demonstrated to Oscar that Solace brought individuals a moment of peace and enabled them to free the mind and enjoy the moment. Finally, individuals stated that the experience would make them be more conscious of the way they breath on their day to day as they walk through the streets.
Before leaving, Oscar and his team gave each participant a link to a breathing excercise to allow them to practice Solace in any location. This breathing excercise was based on resonant breathing, which has been known to produce a high-amplitude oscillation in any system [1,2]. Furthermore, when this definition is applied to breathing, it suggests that resonant breathing is a phenomenon that produces the highest amplitudes of blood pressure oscillation.

According to the literature, resonance occurs in the cardiovascular system at approximately 0.1 Hz and has been proven to have very little variability across a wide range of human beings [2,3,4,5,6,7]. In particular, the designer would like to expand on resonant breathing biofeedback, which is the vision behind the breathing exercise. According to the literature, 'resonant breathing biofeedback' is a form of 'heart rate variability biofeedback' (HRVB) and “works by teaching individuals how to recognize their involuntary heart rate variability and to control patterns by psychological means” (Purwandini Sutarto et al, 2012) [1].

Furthermore, HRVB has been succesfully used to treat a variety of disorders, as well as for performance enhancement [1,8]. Furthermore, the literature informed the designer that individuals with low heart rate variable have generally impaired function, such as physically [2,9,10] or emotionally [2,11,12,13,14] sickness. and wWhen greatly physically compromised, these individuals are at a greater risk of dying [2,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25]. Finally, according to Purwandini Sutarto et al. (2012), Results from experiments on individuals whom practiced resonant breathing indicate that depression, anxiety and stress are significantly decreased [1].

References

[1] - Purwandini Sutarto, Auditya, Muhammad Nubli Abdul Wahab, and Nora Mat Zin. "Resonant breathing biofeedback training for stress reduction among manufacturing operators." International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics 18.4 (2012): 549-561., Last accessed: 7.07 PM, 3/7/16.

[2] - Lehrer, Paul M., and Richard Gevirtz. "Heart rate variability biofeedback: how and why does it work?." Frontiers in psychology 5 (2013): 756-756., Last accessed: 7.07 PM, 3/7/16.

[3] - Başar E. (1998). “Resonance phenomena in the brain, physical systems, and nature,” in Brain Functions and Oscillations ed.Başar E., editor. (Berlin: Springer Verlag; ). 10.1007/978-3-642-72192-2, , Last accessed: 7.07 PM, 3/7/16.
[4] - Lehrer P., Vaschillo E., Trost Z., France C. R. (2009).Effects of rhythmical muscle tension at 0.1 Hz on cardiovascular resonance and the baroreflex. Biol. Psychol.81 24–30 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2009.01.003

[5] - Vaschillo E. G., Vaschillo B., Pandina R. J., Bates M. E. (2011). Resonances in the cardiovascular system caused by rhythmical muscle tension. Psychophysiology 48 927–936 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2010.01156.x

[6] - Vaschillo E. G., Bates M. E., Vaschillo B., Lehrer P., Udo T., Mun E. Y., et al. (2008). Heart rate variability response to alcohol, placebo, and emotional picture cue challenges: effects of 0.1-Hz stimulation. Psychophysiology 45 847–858 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2008.00673.x

[7] - Vaschillo E., Lehrer P., Rishe N., Konstantinov M. (2002).Heart rate variability biofeedback as a method for assessing baroreflex function: a preliminary study of resonance in the cardiovascular system. Appl. Psychophysiol. Biofeedback 271–27 10.1023/A:1014587304314

[8] - Gevirtz R. (2013). The promise of heart rate variability biofeedback: evidence-based applications. Biofeedback 41110–120 10.5298/1081-5937-41.3.01

[9] - Volz H. P., Rehbein G., Triepel J., Knuepfer M. M., Stumpf H., Stock G. (1990). Afferent connections of the nucleus centralis amygdalae. A horseradish peroxidase study and literature survey. Anat. Embryol. 181 177–194 10.1007/BF00198957

[10] - Henderson L. A., Richard C. A., Macey P. M., Runquist M. L., Yu P. L., Galons J. P., et al. (2004). Functional magnetic resonance signal changes in neural structures to baroreceptor reflex activation. J. Appl. Physiol. 96 693–703

[11] - Friedman B. H., Thayer J. F. (1998). Autonomic balance revisited: panic anxiety and heart rate variability. J. Psychosom. Res. 44 133–151 10.1016/S0022-3999(97)00202-X

[12] - Gorman J. M., Sloan R. P. (2000). Heart rate variability in depressive and anxiety disorders. Am. Heart. J. 140(4 Suppl.), 77–83 10.1067/mhj.2000.109981

[13] - Carney R. M., Freedland K. E. (2009). Depression and heart rate variability in patients with coronary heart disease. Cleve. Cliin. J. Med. 76(Suppl. 2), S13–S17 10.3949/ccjm.76.s2.03

[14] - Kemp A. H., Quintana D. S., Gray M. A., Felmingham K. L., Brown K., Gatt J. M. (2010). Impact of depression and antidepressant treatment on heart rate variability: a review and meta-analysis. Biol. Psychiatry 67 1067–1074 10.1016/j.biopsych.2009.12.012

[15] - Kudaiberdieva G., Gorenek B., Timuralp B. (2007). Heart rate variability as a predictor of sudden cardiac death.Anadolu. Kardiyol. Derg. 7(Suppl. 1),68–70

[16] - Laitio T., Jalonen J., Kuusela T., Scheinin H. (2007). The role of heart rate variability in risk stratification for adverse postoperative cardiac events. Anesth. Analg. 105 1548–1560 10.1213/01.ane.0000287654.49358.3a

[17] - Chan C. T. (2008). Heart rate variability in patients with end-stage renal disease: an emerging predictive tool for sudden cardiac death? Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 23 3061–3062 10.1093/ndt/gfn280

[18] - Politano L., Palladino A., Nigro G., Scutifero M., Cozza V. (2008). Usefulness of heart rate variability as a predictor of sudden cardiac death in muscular dystrophies. Acta Myol. 27114–122

[19] - Ranpuria R., Hall M., Chan C. T., Unruh M. (2008). Heart rate variability (HRV) in kidney failure: measurement and consequences of reduced HRV. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.23 444–449 10.1093/ndt/gfm634

[20] - Stein K. M. (2008). Noninvasive risk stratification for sudden death: signal-averaged electrocardiography, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, heart rate variability, baroreflex sensitivity, and QRS duration. Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis. 51 106–117 10.1016/j.pcad.2007.10.001

[21] - Ahmad S., Tejuja A., Newman K. D., Zarychanski R., Seely A. J. (2009). Clinical review: a review and analysis of heart rate variability and the diagnosis and prognosis of infection.Crit. Care 13:232 10.1186/cc8132

[22] - Thayer J. F., Yamamoto S. S., Brosschot J. F. (2010). The relationship of autonomic imbalance, heart rate variability and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Int. J. Cardiol. 141122–131 10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.09.543

[23] - Christensen J. H. (2012). Cardiac autonomic dysfunction in hemodialysis patients assessed by heart rate variability.Minerva Urol. Nefrol. 64 191–198 10.1111/j.1542-4758.2011.00529.x

[24] - Handa R., Poanta L., Rusu D., Albu A. (2012). The role of heart rate variability in assessing the evolution of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Rom. J. Intern. Med. 50 83–88

[25] - Huikuri H. V., Stein P. K. (2013). Heart rate variability in risk stratification of cardiac patients. Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis.56 153–159 10.1016/j.pcad.2013.07.003